1. Essenes: The Essenes were a Jewish sect that lived in communal settings, such as the famous community at Qumran, where the Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered. The Essenes practiced strict religious observance, including:
ritual purification, and a
strong focus on apocalyptic and eschatological beliefs.
They were known for their fervent nationalism and were willing to resort to violence to achieve their goals.
They were known for their collaboration with the Roman authorities and were seen as political opportunists.
These are some of the notable Jewish sects or parties mentioned in the Bible during the first century AD. Each group had its own unique beliefs, practices, and interactions with Jesus and the early Christian movement.