Axiology (Term)

Axiology in theological context refers to the study of values and value judgments, particularly focusing on how these concepts are grounded and understood within a religious framework. Originating from the Greek words axios (worth, value) and logos (study, word), axiology explores the nature, criteria, and significance of values such as good and evil, right and wrong, and sacred and profane. In Christian theology, axiology is deeply intertwined with ethical and moral considerations, as it seeks to discern the values that should guide human behavior in accordance with divine will and scripture.

Christian axiology is fundamentally rooted in the character and nature of God, as revealed through the Bible. God’s attributes—such as holiness, justice, love, and mercy—form the basis for Christian ethical values and moral conduct. These divine characteristics are seen as absolute and universal standards that provide moral guidance for human actions and societal norms.

In practical terms, Christian axiology informs various aspects of moral theology, including issues of life and death, justice and rights, and personal and communal ethics. By studying axiology, theologians and believers aim to apply these value systems in everyday life, striving to live in a way that reflects the values of the Kingdom of God as taught by Jesus Christ.