Paul (Apostle)

National Association of Christian Ministers Summary Series

The Apostle Paul, also known as Saint Paul or Saul of Tarsus, was a prominent figure in the early Christian Church. His life and ministry are extensively documented in the New Testament of the Bible. Born in Tarsus, a city in modern-day Turkey, around 5 AD, Paul was originally named Saul.


1. Early Life and Persecution of Christians:

As a young man, Saul was a zealous Pharisee who actively opposed the early followers of Jesus Christ. He was present at the stoning of Stephen, one of the first Christian martyrs (Acts 7:58; Acts 8:1).


2. Conversion on the Road to Damascus:

The most significant event in Paul’s life was his encounter with the resurrected Jesus Christ on the road to Damascus. As he was traveling to arrest Christians there, he was struck down by a bright light, and Jesus spoke to him, asking, “Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting me?” (Acts 9:3-6).


3. Ananias and Transformation:

Blinded by the encounter, Saul was led into Damascus, where he spent three days in prayer and fasting. Ananias, a disciple of Jesus, was sent by the Lord to restore his sight and baptize him (Acts 9:17-19). Afterward, Saul’s life took a dramatic turn, and he became a devoted follower of Christ.


4. Early Ministry and Missionary Journeys:

Following his conversion, Paul immediately began preaching the gospel of Jesus Christ. He undertook three major missionary journeys, spreading Christianity throughout the Roman Empire and beyond. His travels took him to regions such as Asia Minor, Greece, and Rome.


5. Writing Epistles:

Paul’s letters, or epistles, played a vital role in shaping Christian theology. These epistles were addressed to various Christian communities or individuals and are now a significant part of the New Testament. Some of his notable letters include Romans, Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, and many more.


6. Arrest, Imprisonment, and Martyrdom:

During his missionary work, Paul faced numerous challenges, including opposition from both Jews and non-believing Gentiles. He was arrested multiple times for preaching the gospel. Eventually, he was taken to Rome for trial. According to tradition, Paul was beheaded in Rome, around AD 67-68, during the reign of Emperor Nero.

Paul’s legacy as an Apostle, theologian, and missionary is immense. His writings continue to guide and inspire Christians worldwide, and his transformation from a persecutor of Christians to one of the most influential figures in the early Church serves as a powerful testimony to the transformative power of the gospel.

It’s important to note that much of this information about the Apostle Paul’s life comes from the Acts of the Apostles and his own epistles in the New Testament. Other historical sources from the early Church Fathers also contribute to our understanding of Paul’s life and ministry.