National Association of Christian Ministers Summary Series

Isaac is a significant figure in the Bible, particularly in the book of Genesis. He is known as the son of Abraham and Sarah and is considered one of the patriarchs of the Israelite people. His life story is detailed in several chapters of the Bible. Here is a biography of Isaac with scriptural citations.

Birth and Early Life:

Isaac’s birth is a miraculous event, as Sarah, his mother, was barren and well beyond childbearing age. However, God promised Abraham that he would have a son through Sarah. When Abraham was 100 years old and Sarah 90, Isaac was born. This event is recorded in Genesis 21:1-7.

The Binding of Isaac:

One of the most famous stories involving Isaac is the Binding of Isaac, also known as the Akedah. God commanded Abraham to sacrifice his son Isaac as a test of his faith. Abraham obediently followed God’s command, but at the last moment, an angel stopped him from carrying out the sacrifice. This story is found in Genesis 22:1-19.

Marriage to Rebekah:

Abraham wanted Isaac to marry within his own family, so he sent his servant to find a suitable wife for Isaac among his relatives. The servant journeyed to Abraham’s homeland and found Rebekah, who became Isaac’s wife. Their marriage is described in Genesis 24.

Isaac’s Sons:

Isaac and Rebekah struggled with infertility for many years. Eventually, Isaac prayed to God on behalf of his wife, and she conceived twins. The twins, Esau and Jacob, were born. The story of Isaac’s sons and the events surrounding them are recounted in Genesis 25:19-34.

Isaac and Abimelech:

Isaac, like his father Abraham, faced a famine in the land. During this time, he went to Gerar, where he encountered Abimelech, the king of the Philistines. Isaac presented Rebekah as his sister, fearing that the Philistines would harm him because of her beauty. However, Abimelech discovered the truth and made a covenant with Isaac, ensuring their peaceful coexistence. This story is found in Genesis 26:1-33.

Isaac’s Blessing:

As Isaac grew old and his eyesight dimmed, he intended to bless his older son Esau. However, Jacob, with the help of his mother Rebekah, deceived Isaac and received the blessing intended for Esau. This event led to a strained relationship between the brothers. The story of Isaac’s blessing is detailed in Genesis 27.

Death and Legacy:

Isaac lived a long life and eventually died at the age of 180. He was buried in the cave of Machpelah, alongside his parents, Abraham and Sarah. Esau and Jacob, his sons, buried him. The account of Isaac’s death and burial can be found in Genesis 35:27-29.

Isaac’s life played a crucial role in God’s covenant with Abraham, and he is remembered as one of the great patriarchs of the Israelite people. His story emphasizes faith, obedience, and the fulfillment of God’s promises.

Please note that this biography of Isaac is based on the biblical accounts found in the book of Genesis.