Doctrine of Prophecy

National Association of Christian Ministers Summary Series: Doctrine


The Christian doctrine of prophecy explores the belief that God communicates His will and reveals His plans to humanity through prophetic messages. It encompasses the understanding of prophecy as a spiritual gift, the role of prophets in delivering divine messages, and the interpretation and application of prophetic writings. While there can be variations in emphasis and interpretation among different Christian traditions, there are several key aspects that are generally recognized in the Christian doctrine of prophecy.

1. God as the Source of Prophecy: The Christian doctrine of prophecy affirms that God is the ultimate source of prophecy. It teaches that God, who is sovereign and omniscient, chooses to communicate with humanity through prophetic messages. Prophetic revelations are seen as a means by which God interacts with His people, provides guidance, and discloses future events.

2. Prophets as Messengers of God: The Christian doctrine of prophecy acknowledges the role of prophets as individuals chosen and appointed by God to receive and deliver His messages. Prophets are seen as mediators between God and humanity, serving as His mouthpieces. They are believed to be divinely inspired and empowered by the Holy Spirit to accurately convey God’s will.

3. Revelation and Fulfillment: The Christian doctrine of prophecy recognizes the dynamic relationship between prophetic revelation and its fulfillment. It teaches that prophetic messages often contain both immediate and future aspects, with some prophecies finding their fulfillment in the near term and others awaiting fulfillment in the distant future. The fulfillment of prophecy is viewed as a demonstration of God’s faithfulness and His control over history.

4. Messianic Prophecy: The Christian doctrine of prophecy places significant importance on messianic prophecy—the prophecies that foretell the coming of the Messiah, Jesus Christ. Christians believe that numerous Old Testament prophecies were fulfilled in Jesus’ birth, life, death, and resurrection. These prophecies are seen as providing evidence for Jesus’ identity as the promised Messiah.

5. Interpretation of Prophecy: The Christian doctrine of prophecy recognizes the need for careful interpretation of prophetic writings. It acknowledges that biblical prophecies may employ various literary genres, including poetic language, symbolism, and apocalyptic imagery. Christians employ exegetical methods, taking into account the historical, cultural, and theological contexts to discern the intended meaning of prophetic passages.

6. Edification and Guidance: The Christian doctrine of prophecy highlights the edifying and guiding purpose of prophetic messages. Prophecy is believed to have a practical application for believers, offering encouragement, correction, and spiritual direction. It is seen as a means through which God speaks to His people, providing insight, comfort, and instruction for their lives.

The Christian doctrine of prophecy underscores the belief in God’s ongoing communication with humanity through prophetic revelation. It emphasizes the role of prophets, the fulfillment of prophecies in Jesus Christ, and the spiritual edification and guidance offered by prophetic messages. The doctrine encourages believers to discern and interpret prophecy with humility, seeking to align their lives with God’s revealed will.