10 Plagues God Brought Upon Egypt

National Association of Christian Ministers Summary Series

The Ten Plagues of Egypt, as described in the Book of Exodus in the Bible, were a series of divine punishments brought upon Egypt by God through Moses. Here is a list of the plagues along with their corresponding scriptural citations:


1. Water Turned into Blood (Exodus 7:14-25):

Moses struck the waters of the Nile with his staff, turning them into blood. The water in all of Egypt, including the rivers, canals, and ponds, became blood, making it undrinkable and causing fish to die.


2. Frogs (Exodus 8:1-15):

God sent an abundance of frogs that covered the entire land of Egypt, even entering people’s homes and bedchambers.


3. Gnats or Lice (Exodus 8:16-19):

Swarms of gnats or lice infested the people and animals throughout Egypt.


4. Flies (Exodus 8:20-32):

God sent swarms of flies upon the Egyptians, which covered the land and houses. Only the land of Goshen, where the Israelites lived, was spared from this plague.


5. Livestock Disease (Exodus 9:1-7):

A severe pestilence struck the livestock of the Egyptians, causing their cattle, horses, donkeys, camels, and sheep to die.


6. Boils (Exodus 9:8-12):

God afflicted the Egyptians and their animals with painful boils and sores.


7. Hail and Thunder (Exodus 9:13-35):

A hailstorm, accompanied by thunder and fire, rained down upon Egypt, destroying crops, trees, and anything exposed to the elements.


8. Locusts (Exodus 10:1-20):

Swarms of locusts covered the entire land of Egypt, devouring every plant and tree, leaving nothing green.


9. Darkness (Exodus 10:21-29):

Darkness shrouded Egypt for three days, while the land of Goshen, where the Israelites lived, remained well-lit.


10. Death of the Firstborn (Exodus 11:1-10; Exodus 12:29-30):

God struck down all the firstborn in Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh to the firstborn of prisoners in dungeons. This plague led to the eventual release of the Israelites from slavery in Egypt.


These events are recorded in the Book of Exodus chapters 7 to 12 in the Bible. The plagues were intended to demonstrate God’s power and secure the liberation of the Israelites from their enslavement in Egypt, allowing them to journey towards the Promised Land.