National Association of Christian Ministers Summary Series: Theology
The Christian doctrine of Incarnation refers to the belief that Jesus Christ, the second person of the Holy Trinity, became human and was born into the world through the virgin birth. It is a central belief of Christianity, and it affirms that Jesus was both fully divine and fully human.
According to Christian theology, Jesus’ incarnation was necessary for the redemption of humanity. By becoming human, Jesus was able to identify with human suffering and temptation, and he was able to offer himself as a sacrifice for the sins of all humanity.
The Incarnation is also significant in Christian belief because it reveals God’s love and compassion for humanity. It shows that God was willing to become one of us in order to save us from sin and death.
The doctrine of the Incarnation is celebrated by Christians during the Christmas season, which commemorates the birth of Jesus. It is also a central theme in Christian art and literature, and it has been the subject of much theological reflection and debate throughout Christian history.